Amaranthaceae family is one of the largest and most diverse in the plant kingdom. Amaranthus viridis, A. retroflexus, A. hybridus, A. gracilis, A. gangeticus, A. paniculatus, and A. graecizans are wild types. Both extracts significantly increased the BR. The object of research is the amaranth plant of three species – forage (Amaranthus caudatus L.), grain (Amaranthus cruentus L.) and decorative (Amaran-thus hipochondriacus L.). Ikenaga T, Matuo M, Ohashi H, 1975. A sterol isolated from the roots of Amaranthus viridis has been assigned the structure 24-methylene-20- hydroxycholest-5,7-en-3β-ol. While some of the plants of this family have important nutritional value, others are considered toxic and/or hazardous weeds and many efforts have been made in controlling them. Herb to about 40 cm tall. All the extracts showed dose-dependent antiviral activities. Polyprenols are reported to exhibit hepatoprotective effects, while trilinolein is reported to exhibit myocardial protective effects and it inhibits the endothelin-1-induced hypertension. %PDF-1.7 Common name(s) Green Amaranth. Efficiency on water use was measured by comparing the water use on hydroponic with the control during the plant growing period. Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Journal 22(1): 117-124, 2019. British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, ISSN: 2231-2919,Vol. ex Poiret Similar Species: Amaranthus spinosus L. Origin: probably native to Old World tropics, early introduction to Pacific Islands Weed Category: Broadleaves CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the dissertation work entitled “NEUROPHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF LEAVES OF AMARANTHUS VIRIDIS.L IN RATS & MICE” submitted by Register J Integr Med. endobj Title Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. ethyl-5α-cholesta-7, 22, 25-trien-3β-ol (1b). Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Determination of the constituents of these samples by NMR analyses indicated the presence of phytol 1a in sample 1, with lupeol 1b and β-amyrin 1c as impurities (< 10%) and sitosterol (2a) and stigmasterol (2b) in sample 2. The seed extracts exhibited superior antioxidant and antimicrobial activity [4]. subtilis and Pseudonomas aeruginosa). Scientific Name: Amaranthus viridis Root Word: amarantos = unfading, viridis = green Common Name: Slender Amaranth, Green Amaranth Vernacular: Kulites Apaka Synonym: Amaranthus gracilis Desf. Their structures were established by MS, one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants.Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. and to observe the ... M., 2019, The effectiveness of red spinach (Amaranthus tricolor L.) and green spinach (Amaranthus viridis L.) as UV B radiation protection for Bacillus thuringiensis var. Original article submitted March 24, 2013. Intracellular reactive oxygen species seem to play a role in the trilinolein-induced apoptosis, since ROS were produced early in the trilinolein treatment. Overall, daylily flowers at opening stage possess the highest functional benefit and thus would be the appropriate harvesting stage in view of the nutritional consideration. Catkin-like cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn. afforded a 4:1 mixture of spinasterol (1a) and 24- endobj Compound 1 showed cytotoxicity against human mammary, The antioxidant properties of methanol extracts from daylily flowers during maturation were determined with antioxidant assays, including antioxidant activity, DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging, superoxide anion radical scavenging and reducing power. Vegetable amaranths grow very well in the hot, humid regions of Africa, South-east Asia, Southern China, and India; they are represented by various amaranth species, such as A. tricolor, A. dubius, A. cruentus, A. edulis, A. retroflexus, A. viridis, and A. hybridus. x��=َ9���zY@9p��W2��Q��>��]�م=r�\�i��R�ݞ?ڷ��m��~�2�gf�u���7�j)�"���d�f����>�����h�����;?��Ã��/fNj�Y�8? The objective of this review is to consider the phytoconstituents from six species under the genus Amaranthus (A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. viridis, A. caudatus, A. hypocondriacus and A. tricolor). Methanolic extract of whole plant of Amaranthus viridis L (MEAV), was screened for antinociceptive activity using acetic acid induced writhing test, hot plate test and tail immersion test in mice. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. In a similar way a screening exercise was carried out to determine the antipyretic potential of the extract using yeast induced pyrexia method in rats. In vitro Antioxidant Activity and Hypolipidemic Effects of an Ethanol Extract of Amaranthus viridis Leaves on Hyperlipidemic Wistar Albino Rats. In this study, we report the efficacy of spinasterol in effectively modulating the regulation of antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity through the upregulation of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in murine hippocampal HT22 cells and BV2 microglia. 19. A. Ojiako. Amaranthus viridis L., known in the Philippines as Spinach Tagalog and Kolitis, is sold in the market as vegetable. carcinoma (Bcap-37), human colon carcinoma (RKO), human hepatocellular carcinoma (SMMC-7721), human prostate carcinoma (PC3) and human erythroleukaemia (K562) cells. On the growth and chlorophyll content in the leaves of Amaranthus viridis with sowing the seed once a month through the year. Column chromatography of the ethyl acetate extract of the leaves of Vitex parviflora yielded, among others, samples 1 and 2. In this review article, we will present some ethnomedicinal uses of the plants of this family, along with comprehensive literature survey of medicinal, biological and other activities. The results of the statistical analysis showed that MEAV had significant (p<0.01) dose dependent antinociceptive and antipyretic properties at 200 and 400 mg/kg. Trilinolein treatment induced the upregulation of pro-apoptotic Bax, downregulation of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 expression, which was associated with the proteolytic activation of caspases and the concomitant degradation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein. The flowers of Cucurbita maxima Duch. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Spikes green, perianth segments 3. 2 0 obj II. They have a long leaf stalk with a broad base tapering to a pointed tip. 2004). The efficacy of each extract in preventing viral penetration into a living cell as well as its effect on the virus itself and the toxicity of same on the cell were all determined. Vamshi Krishna, M. Manjunath, M. V. Suresh. active against the fungi (Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans) and the bacteria (Bacillus : 9, Issue. View abstract. 3. Botanical Name : Amaranthus viridis L. Common Name : Dhimbdo, Green Amaranth Plant Family : Amaranthaceae Plant Form : Herb Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 5, 18, 27, 30 Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Sarita Udyan, Infocity About Amaranthus viridis Plant : Habit : Erect or diffuse annual unarmed herbs, simple or branched, 20 - 80cm tall. Amaranthus viridis L. seeds were reported to be dispersed by manure in upland DSR agroecosystems in the Philippines (Galinato et al., 1999). research is to investigate the hydroponic (NFT, DFT, Aeroponic) efficiency on water use using Amaranthus viridis L. as the planted material. The present study was conducted to evaluate the phenolics, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of leaf and seed extracts from an edible herb namely Amaranthus viridis L. The extract yields of active components, produced using pure and aqueous methanol, from the leaves and seeds ranged from 5.4 to 6.0 and 2.4 to 3.7%, respectively. This research aimed to study the effectiveness of red and green spinach as UVB protection for Btk. (+)-Catechin was the main phenolic compound identified in daylily flowers, accounting for about 74.11% of total phenolics. <> 2Chemistry Government Girls Degree College, Sheikh, Malton Mardan, Pakistan. C. Y. Ragasa, E. S. Javier, I. G. Tan. 1 0 obj Keywords Amaranthus Leafy vegetables Nutrients Nutraceutical properties Genetic resources Introduction Africa has experienced mixed progress in reducing © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Their structures were elucidated by extensive 1D The study concluded that the promising antioxidant capacities of A. viridis extract can further be utilized in various agricultural, pharmaceutical, and food applications. Amaranthus viridis L. belongs to family (Amaranthaceae) commonly known as “Chowlai” is a common wild vegetable and weed of cultivation. Weed Research, Japan, 20(4):153-156 In a low Ca2+ medium (0.5 mM Ca2+), these compounds suppressed the decrease of BR, which was induced by low Ca2+. J. Through bioassay directed fractionation of the. Amaranthus viridis Linn is a common summer weed found every where. Four individual phenolics, such as (+)-catechin, chlorogenic acid, rutin and quercetin were identified and quantified by HPLC. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. A. viridis is a vigorous annual that grows up to around 1 m tall. Result obtained from this research showed high rate of diversity. & Throes) and Amaranthus viridis (Linn.) Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) nanocapsules have been previously developed as a carrier system for atrazine. Year 1986 Keywords: ABTS, Amaranthus viridis, Antioxidants, Aqueous extract, Cancer, DPPH. Weed of disturbed areas. 2013;11(3):206-12. 1. Amaranthus viridis is an ecumenical species in the botanical family of Amaranthaceae, which has been traditionally used to treat several skin diseases along with some antilipidemic activities. The Erode College of Pharmacy and Research Institute, Erode - 638112. R. K. Obi, I. I. Iroagba, O. In view of the efficacy of these extracts in inhibiting the cytopathic effect (CPE) of measles virus without harming the host, the utilization of the extracts in the formulation of new antiviral drugs is strongly recommended especially when the availability and the very low cost of these vegetables are considered. Significant variation in, An analytical method for flavonoids present in the seed extract of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench, Polygonaceae), using HPLC and a photodiode array detector and interfaced to an electrospray ionisation mass spectrometer, has been developed. ), Euphorbia lateriflora (Schum. �����4/5�<3�l�$��*3�Ȼ�.���i�����E[� 4. Amaranthus viridis grains were cultivated by National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), Kano, Nigeria and matured grains were collected after 14 weeks (April to July, 2015). ��!14+8��eEo΀Rb*�dP�l� )-��;�P����zY����DA�j�>��\��;\:�=S��6��TNmԴ��X�Z!��C��eɱ>DNK��`�D[ ʄ � �W��|�;���F1�/�%,��. Chromatographic separation of the dicloromethane extract of the bark of C. cebuense gave rise to safrole and eugenol which were identified by NMR spectroscopy. Amaranthus – is the scientific name of Kulitis CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Kulitis Kulitis (Amaranthus viridis L. ) is alleged to originate from the lowland Tropical South and Central America and it was introduced into other warm places of the world. Structural information about the flavonols was obtained from the retention time characteristics, the UV-visible spectra and the mass spectra without, In the course of our studies on naturally occurring cardioactive agents, we investigated the effects of water and methanol extracts of a Chinese crude drug “Huajiao” the dried fruit of Zanthoxylum bungeanum, on the spontaneous beating rate (BR) of embryonic mouse myocardial cell sheets in culture. of. Amaranthus spp. A survey study for the use of pesticides and fertilizers was carried out with 740 market gardeners. 46: 1181. 11. extracts, hydroxy-β-sanshool (1b), xanthoxylin (2) and two quercetin glycosides, hyperin (4) and quercitrin (6), were found to increase the BR in a standard medium (2.1 mM Ca2+). %���� The inhibitory action of the extracts from C. sesamoides and L. taraxacifolia were greatest at high concentrations of 15 mg/ml when the virus had already penetrated the cell. In addition to general chemical composition that was presented in previous cited publications, two more interesting articles did the same. Abstract. E. lateriflora only inhibited the virus activity at very high concentrations of 15 mg/ml when the virus was treated with the extract and also when the HEP-2 cell was treated with the extract before the virus suspension was added. 7. Column chromatography was performed with, silica gel 60 (70–230 mesh), while TLC was performed with plastic backe, . Amaranthus cruentus: Milling characteristics distribution of nutrient within seed components, and the effects of temperature on nutritional quality. S. Kuznecovs, K. Jegina, I. Kuznecovs. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Of 16 flavonoids related in structure with hyperin (4) and quercitrin (6), quercetin, isoquercitrin, rutin, myricetin and myricitrin also increased the BR in the standard medium, while kaempferol and luteorin decreased the BR in the standard medium. It was found that the exposure of A549 cells to trilinolein resulted in the growth inhibition and the induction of apoptosis in a dose- and time- dependent manner. K . Studies on the physiology and ecology of Amaranthus viridis. On the germination of Amaranthus viridis. While studying the fate of Commelina benghalensis L. after simulated rumen digestion, Riar et al. The highest antioxidant activity was observed at stage III (flower opening) accompanying the highest content of ascorbic acid and phenolic compounds, while no significant difference of β-carotene contents was observed among the four maturity stages. Carlsson, R. 1980. Amaranthus viridis L., known in the Philippines as Spinach Tagalog and Kolitis, is sold in the market as vegetable. M. J. Iqbal, S. Hanif, Z. Mahmood, F. Anwar, A. Jamil. The inflorescence, the flowering part of the plant, is a dense spike of small green flowers. <>/Metadata 1103 0 R/ViewerPreferences 1104 0 R>> Saka O. Gbadamosi2 Received: 13 February 2020 / Accepted: 4 March 2020 / Published online: 11 March 2020 Amaranthus viridis . Extracts from four leaves: Ceratotheca sesamoides (Endl. ... Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. Conclusions and future research recommendations are also presented. stream In the present study, the effects of trilinolein on the growth of non-small cell lung carcinoma A549 were investigated. Kesan penggunaan gentian mesokarpa terhadap pertumbuhan dan penghasilan bayam hijau (Amaranthus Viridis L.) This research is being done to study the effect of using a planting medium based on mesocarp fibre mixed with top soil to the growth and production of green spinach. 1, NMR spectra were recorded on a Varian VNMRS spectrometer in CDCl, C NMR spectra. the need to isolate the individual compounds. Antioxidant compounds, such as phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid and β-carotene were also analysed. Leaves alternate to 15 cm long. Of the parts tested, the seed extracts exhibited superior antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. and A. viridis. and 2D NMR analyses. Moreover, the activity of PI3K/Akt was downregulated in trilinolein-treated cells. The plates were visualized with vanillin–H, Institute of Biology, College of Science, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezo, the root extract was rechromatographed in 5% EtOAc in petroleum ether. {���m����w�������'���߫� (2010) reported the possibility of seed dispersal via ruminants. Weed Research, Japan, 21(1):6-11. The more polar, Spinasterol exhibits antitumorigenic, anti-inflammatory [13], antimi. It has got medicinal properties. M. ethods The study was conducted in 20172019 on the - territory of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania in two Food Sci. Amaranthus viridis is a plant that is very widely distributed in our country, grows easily, and is eaten by low-income groups. M. aterials and . been reported to have anticancer activities. These results suggest that spinasterol has a therapeutic potential against neurodegenerative diseases that are caused by oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. The present study was conducted to evaluate the phenolics, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of leaf and seed extracts from an edible herb namely Amaranthus viridis L. The extract yields of active components, produced using pure and aqueous methanol, from the leaves and seeds ranged from 5.4 to 6.0 and 2.4 to 3.7%, respectively. Full Length Research Paper Pharmacognostic evaluation of the Amaranthus viridis L. Musharaf Khan1*, Shahana Musharaf2, Mohammad Ibrar1 and Farrukh Hussain1 1Department of Botany, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. It has been found that the proteins of this plant, like most other plants, are deficient in some essential amino acids. Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. endobj The grains were wet cleaned and dried in a hot air oven (SM9053, Uniscope, UK) at 50°C for 8 hr. antioxidant properties and involved compounds was observed between different maturity stages of daylily flowers. This weed is mostly found on roadsides and wastelands. (Hue et al., 2017, The methanol extract of the tubers of Polygonum perfoliatum L. afforded a new lignan: 8-oxo-pinoresinol (1), and five known compounds 3',5-dihydroxy-3,4',5',7-tetramethoxy-flavone (2), catechin (3), quercetin (4), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucuronide (5) and rutin (6). But both categories were used by humans for traditional medicinal purposes, and some of them were extensively studied by modern science. A. retroflexus consists of high number of reported phytoconstituents. All rights reserved. proceedings of 54th ththe iier international conference, beijing, china, 13 january 2016, isbn: 978-93-82702-35-1 10 qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analysis and antioxidant potential of amaranthus viridis l. from pakistan 1sehrish sadia, 2zia ur rehman mashwani, 3humara amin, 4arshad ali shedayi, 5jin-tun zhang, 6xiaohang bai, 7brian gagosh nayyar, 8paras mazari When compared with control, hydroxy-β-sanshool (1b) and xanthoxylin (2) stimulated 13–15 fold calcium uptake of the cultured myocardial cells, which might have caused the positive chronotropic effect.

amaranthus viridis research

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