Its wood has a high resin. Black willow wood is used in wickerwork and the bark contains medicinal compounds. (Acer negundo L.): A medium sized tree. The seeds are eaten by squirrels, songbirds and game, (Pinus rigida Mill. It can be distinguished from other maples by the larger leaves, milky sap of the petiole, and the horizontal wings of the fruits. Trees are everywhere and being outdoors is part of the fabric of our state. (Carya cordiformis (Wang.) The fruits are eaten by many birds, animals and people. Look at leaves, twigs, buds and any flowers or fruits. The hard reddish-brown wood is, (Prunus virginiana L.) A fast-growing but short-lived shrub or small tree, rarely exceeding 25'. Found in a variety of open habitats, thickets, roadsides and upland woods throughout. These trees are slow-growing and long-lived. Keystone State. The. Wood ducks, game birds and songbirds and many mammals eat the seeds. (Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Found on streambanks and in wet meadows throughout Pennsylvania, it is most common in the east and south. A small native tree with low spreading crown, especially valued for ornamental planting. “Pennsylvania” translates from Latin to “Penn’s Woods.”. The wood is generally lighter in weight and weaker than White ash, but is used for the same purposes. An ounce – … (Hamamelis virginiana L.) A small tree or large shrub, to 25' high, tolerant of shade. (Betula lenta L.): Also known as Black birch or Cherry birch, this tree normally attains heights of 50 to 60 feet and is found on a variety of sites from rich fertile lowlands to rocky ridges throughout the state. Additionally, this evergreen tree was used by settlers in the region to build log cabins. (Juglans nigra L.) A large-sized tree, found locally on rich soils mainly in the southern part of state. The rapid growth of root sprouts makes it almost impossible to eradicate once established. It grows rapidly and is an important timber and shade tree. The trees may not be giving us much in the way of fall foliage this autumn, but they are dropping an abundance of nuts in many parts of Pennsylvania. Not usually used for lumber due to its small size, but it can display aggressive growth suited to protecting rocky slopes from erosion. In 1931, Pennsylvania named the hemlock as the state tree. (Populus grandidentata Michx. Far beneath the soil, they yield a home-grown energy source of natural gas. An important timber species typically reaching 50'-60' high but can be higher. Deer browse it heavily when deep snow makes other food scarce. Wood used primarily for textile weaving shuttles. Most common on sandy or gravelly soils of old fields and open woods in northern Pennsylvania, but it can be found throughout the state. Deer browse Black willow shoots. The acorn is an important wildlife food and eastern Native Americans made a flour from these acorns. )This tree is a medium sized tree,widespread in Pennsylvania except the Northwestern counties it is more common on poor, sandy soils and areas where forest fires have killed most other trees. Oak trees are the most common trees in the forests of New York. Pennsylvania's climate, spread across USDA plant hardiness zones 4 through 7, accommodates a wide range of flowering trees. Wood of Ohio buckeye is light but resists splitting and has been used to, (Nyssa sylvatica Marshall) Also called Black tupelo, this is tree likes moist areas along streams. Managing the state forest system sustainably for a variety of ecological, economic, and recreational values, Protecting the forests of the commonwealth from damage from wildfire and destructive insects and diseases, Promoting forestry and the stewardship of the commonwealth’s forest resources, Protecting and managing native wild plants. A medium to large sized tree to 75', of dry upland sites and many parks and streets. Forests blanket more than 60 percent (17 million acres) of the commonwealth, from the deep forests of the northern tier “big woods,” to the forested ridges of the south, and to the woodlots and urban and community forests scattered in between. The acorn these produce is often essential to its surrounding wildlife. Wild Pin oaks are typically found in wet sites growing to 60' high. (Prunus serotina Ehrh.) Please enable scripts and reload this page. A valuable reforestation species after fire or limbering clears the land. The strong, hard wood is used for fence posts and general construction, but it is not widely available. (Acer platanoides L.): Imported from northern Europe and extensively planted along city streets and in parks. The seeds sprout best in open areas after cutting or fire and spread rapidly by sending up suckers from the roots. The "the group" includes all oaks with bristle-tipped leaves andacorns ripening over two seasons. It is found in cool ,moist areas in the forest. The nuts have a soft green outer caseing with a hard brown shell inside. This tree is very important to both wildlife and people. 10 native trees that make excellent landscape choices Trees shade the yard in summer, add oxygen to the air, and create beauty with their flowers and … Some trees, like alder, only like to grow in wet soil, whereas maple grow in many types of soil. Adding a few of them to your Keystone State landscape will bring spring or summer blooms and, in many cases, edible fruit and autumn color. An attractive ornamental, it should only be planted in large spaces because of its spreading growth form. The beechnuts are very important food for wildlife including bears, squirrels, turkeys, and grouse. Whitetail deer browse the young growth. Baskets can be woven from slats produced by pounding a wet block of wood until it separates along the annual growth rings. Pennsylvania, with its unique geographical position, has 102 kinds of trees native to the State, although there are numerous introduced species growing and thriving in this latitude and climate. The Pennsylvania Forest FIA Report 2014 (PDF) is the most recent. Songbirds and game birds, rabbits, squirrels and mice feed on the seeds. (Castanea dentata (Marshall) Borkhaussen) Formerly the most common and arguably the most valuable tree in. This tree is found in rocky and gravelly slopes and ridge tops in the southcentral and southeastern counties. This edition published in 1958 in Harrisburg. As with other hickories, the wood is heavy,hard, and strong with very high shock resistance, and is principally used for tool handles. They provide places for us to marvel in the scenic beauty of landscape and a wide range of recreational opportunities, such as: They grow some of the finest hardwood timber in the world, fueling a $20 billion wood products industry that directly employs 60,000 people. (Liriodendron tulipifera L.) Also known as Yellow poplar, Tulip poplar, White poplar and Whitewood. Large crops of acorns produced every 4-7 years are important food for deer, bear, turkey and many other birds and animals. Distillation of the bark and twigs produces an oil sold as a substitute for wintergreen. (Salix nigra Marshall) The largest of our native willows, typically reaching 30' in height. Horticultural varieties with red or pink bracts have been developed. Drooping dead lower branches persist on the tree for many years. Typically found in low moist areas, floodplains and stream banks. Protect clean air, clean water, and public health and conserve working farms, forests, and natural lands. Cedar wax-wings and other song birds and game birds eat the fruits. It frequently escapes from cultivation to grow in disturbed woods and roadways. Prized for its bright rose-colored flowers in early spring. The brilliant red autumn color and abundant blue fruit make this species. Northern hardwoods cover about 32 percent of Pennsylvania, mostly in the high elevations of the north. Big Trees of Pennsylvania Register Thanks to all for your continued support of this program. A relatively fast-growing tree to 75' high, one of the most common oaks on dry, upland sites. The wood is not as valuable as other oaks because in drying, it tends to warp and split. A yellow dye can be made from the bark. The hard strong wood is used for furniture, flooring, millwork, railroad ties and veneer. Used in ornamental plantings. Proudly founded in 1681 as a place of tolerance and freedom. (Cercis canadensis L.)Usually a small tree, with a short trunk, it has been known to reach 30' in Pennsylvania. )A small to medium sized tree, common throughout the State. (Larix larcina (Duroi) K.Koch) A medium-sized tree also known as Eastern larch and Tamarack. Trunk usually short, dividing into stout branches forming a deep broad crown. Wood valuable for quality furniture, veneer, gun stocks and musical instruments. Tree, Landscape & Hardscape Services Call for a Free Estimate! Common trees of Pennsylvania. The acorns are valuable wildlife food for wetland birds and mammals. As with other hickories, the wood is heavy, hard, and strong and used for tool handles and furniture. Songbirds, mice and chipmunks feed on the seeds. Ruffed grouse feed on buds and seeds, deer and rabbits browse the twigs. (Acer rubrum L.): Found throughout Pennsylvania in a wide variety of habitats, typically reaching 50' high, it grows best in wet soils, sometimes over 100'. Also known as Soft maple because its wood is not as hard as Sugar maple, this is an excellent ornamental tree. However, with the beauty and grace of trees also comes a huge problem: diseases and pests. The U.S. Forest Service is the nation’s forest “census taker.” Its Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program provides a comprehensive inventory and analysis of the present and prospective conditions of forests and rangelands. Commonly 50'-75' high, this tree grows throughout the State. Found in moist, rocky locations throughout the Commonwealth, occasionally ascending slopes to rather dry sites. The "white oak group" includes all oaks without bristle-tipped lobes and acorns that ripen in one season. A common and dominant forest tree throughout the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Found in moist open woods and slopes mostly in the southern part of the state, it usually reaches 50'-75' high. Found in cool, moist woods throughout the Commonwealth, Eastern hemlock is the offical state tree of Pennsylvania. Ruffled grouse, wild turkey and songbirds find food (seeds) and shelter in this tree. (Quercus palustris Muenchh.) Traditional uses of White oak wood include hardwood flooring, whiskey barrels and boat building. The heavy, hard, strong wood is used for furniture, boxes, and fuelwood. The wood is used for cabinets, furniture, flooring, and doors. Learn about the traits and characteristics of the Black Cherry tree, found in North America. 6 Common Serviceberry—Amelanchier arborea— BF, PC,SY, LG, S Also know as Shadbush, this deciduous small tree grows from 15-25 ft. and is often found on rocky bluffs and upper slopes. Also called Basswood. 70 percent -- or 12 million acres -- are privately held by approximately 750,000 landowners. Although Pennsylvania forests are greatly reduced from the time when when European settlers arrived in America, some old growth remains in K.Koch) normally attains heights of 60'- 70' when growing on. )This tree is a medium sized tree,widespread in Pennsylvania except the Northwestern counties it is more common on poor, sandy soils and areas where forest fires have killed most other trees. Kevin Hart breaks it all down. Leaflets round-tipped, some leaves twice-compound ..... Honey-locust (Gleditsia triacanthos) 41b. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. The wood is used chiefly for making paper. When trees get diseases, they can often spread them […] Oak trees are known to grow in different conditions, and each different species has its own variation, form, and distinguishing factors. (Juniperus virginiana L.) Common in abandoned farm fields The wood is used chiefly for fence posts and moth-proof chests. Common trees include sugar maple, black cherry, aspen, birch, hemlock, and ash. K.Koch) Bitternut hickory normally attains heights of 60'- 70' when growing on. (Pinus rigida Mill. black cherry range Black cherry grows from Nova Scotia and New Brunswick west to Southern Quebec and Ontario into Michigan and eastern Minnesota; south to Iowa, extreme eastern Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Texas, then east to central Florida. Nutt.) Wood used chiefly for fuel and fence posts. Swingle) This tree is originally from China and was first planted in this country near Philadelphia by English settlers. Key To Some Common Trees of Pennsylvania 5 41a. Older books sometimes call it Scotch pine. While some oak trees flourish Plants Native to Western Pennsylvania Menu Home About Contact Our Plants Full-Part Sun Full-Part Shade Shrubs & Trees Shrubs & Trees IMAGE INFORMATION Striped Maple Moisture: Med Sun: Part/Shade Hgt. (Pinus resinosa Ait.) A thornless variety with clear yellow fall color has been developed for the nursery trade. Nees) A small to medium-sized tree, to 50' high, with crooked branches; often spreading by root suckers. (Cornus florida L.) Bark red-brown to reddish gray, broken by fissures into small blocks, like alligator hide. (Aesculus species)Three species of the genus Aesculus are found in Penn's Woods, also called Yellow buckeye or Sweet buckeye Ohio Buckeye, are native to moist woods along streams in southwestern Pennsylvania. Twigs are browsed by deer. (Quercus alba L.) A dominant forest tree on dry to moist sites throughout the Commonwealth usually reaching 80'-100' high. It takes careful study of their twigs, buds, leaf scars and bark, and a … Includes botanical, habitat,pests, and disease information as well as commercial, native american and modern uses. Many birds, squirrels. These forests provide incalculable values and benefits to Pennsylvania citizens and beyond. Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through to see the original works with their full license. : A short-trunked, broad-crowned tree, to 49', native to southern states, but now widely planted and frequently escaped in the eastern U.S. Usually planted for its shade and flowers, the wood is durable and useful for posts. Wood used chiefly for paper pulp, lumber, posts and railroad ties. : A medium to large tree. A medium sized tree, typically reaching 60' high, of rapid growth but shortlived. (Betula papyrifera Marshall) A large tree to 50'-75' high on upland woods and slopes in northcentral and northeastern Pennsylvania. (Carya glabra (P.Mill.) Pennsylvania is home to different types of oak trees, both cultivated and wild. Beech is a handsome shade tree for large open areas in. Pennsylvania is the only state in the nation named for its forests. It is often planted as a street tree because of its beautiful form and ability to withstand the low oxygen content of urban soils. … Found locally in moist areas. This species grows over a wide range of conditions. The Digital Public Library of America brings together the riches of America’s libraries, archives, and museums, and makes them freely available to the world. Most of Pennsylvania’s forest lands fall into two types: The forests of Pennsylvania provide benefits to society while having diverse ownership patterns: DCNR's Bureau of Forestry is charged with conserving the forests and native wild plants of the commonwealth. Philadelphia and Pennsylvania tree species and lists of kinds of trees in our area. We have over 1000 trees listed across the state that are big locally, or are the biggest in the state. Birds and rodents eat the seeds. Often escaping cultivation, it is now found in disturbed woods, roadsides, vacant lots and railroad banks across southern Pennsylvania. Other trees, such as Black Locust, are very shade intolerant. Pennsylvania's location spanning 40º-42º north latitude and its varied terrain support 134 species of native trees and many others introduced from Europe and Asia.